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Stealing Keys from PCs Using a Radio: Cheap Electromagnetic Attacks on Windowed Exponentiation

Eran Tromer's team presented new side-channel attacks on RSA and ElGamal implementations that use sliding-window or fixed-window (m-ary) modular exponentiation. The attacks extract decryption keys using a very low measurement bandwidth (a frequency band of less than 100 kHz around a carrier under 2 MHz) even when attacking multi-GHz CPUs. They demonstrated the attacks’ feasibility by extracting keys from GnuPG (unmodified ElGamal and non-blinded RSA), within seconds, using a